Yeni Proje: Sera – 01- Hardware ve Data

Sera ve bitki büyütme ortamı projem için ekipman:

Ekipman Listesi

  1. Toprak Nem Sensörü – 30 TL
  2. Auto Cool Güneş Enerjili Araç İçi Soğutucu Fan — 19.88 TL
  3. //SHT10 KABLOLU SICAKLIK VE NEM SENSÖRÜ — 89,90TL
  4. Sıcaklık sensörü Temperature Sensör DS18B20 — 11.88 TL
  5. 3D YAZICI ISITICI FİŞEK — 20TL
  6. CASTLE ARAÇ TİPİ SU ISITICI OTO KETTLE 12 V   — 11.88 TL
  7. Toprak Nem Sensörü Arduino Raspberry PIC — 6,50TL
  8. DHT11 Nem ve Isı Sensörü Arduino PIC Raspberry — 7,9TL
  9. OK SERA Portatif Balkon,Bahçe Serası, Mini Sera — 74.90 TL
  10. Portatif Bahçe Serası 4421 (71x49cm)  — 34 TL
  11. Su Pompası Motoru DC 3 – 12V Water Pump*
  12. Arduino Dijital Işık Şiddet Sensörü — 11.5
  13. SU AKIŞ VE HİDROLİK BASINÇ SENSÖR — 19.51
  14. BİTKİ GELİŞİMİ HIZLANDIRAN 60’LI SOLAR LED IŞIK (207809170) — 50TL
  15. E27 Deep Power Grow 5 Led Ampül  — 80TL
  16. Arduino 0.96 I2C IIC Serial 128X64 OLED LCD — 27.90
  17. IKEA Kutu

http://www.vatanbilgisayar.com/xigmatek-aio-s80dp-intel-lga775amd-754939940am2-islemci-sogutucu.html

POWER SUPPLY

http://forum.arduino.cc/index.php?topic=386382.0

 

Gerekenler:

Sıcaklık

  1. Pelltier Soğutucu-Isıtıcı başlıklı  — 14.50 TL
  2. Sıcaklık sensörü Temperature Sensör DS18B20 — 11.88 TL
  3. 3D YAZICI ISITICI FİŞEK — 20TL
  4. DHT11 Nem ve Isı Sensörü Arduino PIC Raspberry — 7,9TL
  5. CASTLE ARAÇ TİPİ SU ISITICI OTO KETTLE 12 V   — 11.88 TL

Işık

  1. Arduino Dijital Işık Şiddet Sensörü — 11.5
  2. BİTKİ GELİŞİMİ HIZLANDIRAN 60’LI SOLAR LED IŞIK (207809170) — 50TL
  3. E27 Deep Power Grow 5 Led Ampül  — 80TL

Ortam Nemi

 

  1. SHT75 nem sensörü

Toprak Nemi

 

  1. Toprak Nem Sensörü – 30 TL
  2. Toprak Nem Sensörü Arduino Raspberry PIC — 6,50TL
  3. SHT10 KABLOLU SICAKLIK VE NEM SENSÖRÜ — 89,90TL
  4. Toprak Nem Sensörü – 30 TL
  5. Grove – Mini Su Pompası / SeeedStudio — 23.92

Havalandırma

  1. Auto Cool Güneş Enerjili Araç İçi Soğutucu Fan — 19.88 TL

 

Diğer Gerekenler

  1. Kablo
  2. IKEA Kutu

Yardımcı Donanım:

  1. 2 li 12V Röle Devresi ( 2 kanal ) – 2 Way Relay Board — 7.35 TL
  2. 4 lü 12V Röle Devresi ( 4 kanal ) – 4 Way Relay Board — 11.76 TL
  3. SU AKIŞ VE HİDROLİK BASINÇ SENSÖR — 19.51
  4. Arduino 0.96 I2C IIC Serial 128X64 OLED LCD — 27.90

OK SERA Portatif Balkon,Bahçe Serası, Mini Sera — 74.90 TL

Portatif Bahçe Serası 4421 (71x49cm)  — 34 TL

  • BULB – Soğan: Dahlia Snowflake
  • Seed: Zinnia California Giant*
  • Greek Thyme
  • Zahter Otu

POWER

https://ataled.com.tr/tr/?menu=Urunler&60w-5a-12v-su-gecirmez-trafo&urunID=AT-IP67-60-12

http://www.alkayaelektronik.com/Mervesan-MSWP-1005-5V-DC-2-0A-IP67-Adaptor,PR-1866.html

 

Media

  • vermiculite
  • sphagnum moss
  • http://www.roboweb.net/12v-luk-solenoid-vana-3-4-rw-sf-10456.html
  • https://toprakvesu.com/damlama-kaz%C4%B1%C4%9F%C4%B1?search=damlama

 

Growing from seeds: Germination

Tohumlar neyi sever?

ISI

Most seeds require temperatures of 18° to 23°F to germinate
Read more: http://www.finegardening.com/10-seed-starting-tips#ixzz42cqEqbBN

When using any additional heat source, be sure to check for moisture often, since the seed containers may dry out more quickly.

Çeşitli sebzelerin dereceleri: http://tomclothier.hort.net/page11.html

Gladiolus (G. grandiflorus) seed germination was light-independent, but
temperature influenced the germination rate. Constant 20C promoted higher total
germination (97%)

The ideal temperature for germination will vary depending on the plant cultivar. However, most seeds will germinate very well when grown within a 21-26 C . Again, specific temperature needs of seeds will be indicated on the seed packet (or see Table 1). If the temperature is maintained below or above the recommended range, the germination rate will be slower and fewer seeds will germinate. Most homes are kept at temperatures somewhat below the recommended range but there may be some areas in the home that are suitable. A small heating cable, preset at 21.1-23.8 C, may be purchased at garden supply stores. The cable should be placed in the bottom of a flat on top of 1/2-inch of sand and then covered with an additional 1/2-inch of sand. The temperature of seed flats set on the sand will be maintained within a suitable range. Seedlings grown during the hot summer for your fall garden should be located wherever optimum temperature and light are available. This may be outside in a shady or partly-sunny location.

 

Most plants tolerate normal temperature fluctuations. In general, foliage plants grow best between 21.1 degrees Celsius and 26.6 degrees Celsius . during the day and between 15.55 degrees to 20 degrees Celsius . at night. Most flowering plants prefer the same daytime temperature range, but grow best when nighttime temperatures range from 12.7 degrees to 17 degrees Celsius. Lower nighttime temperatures help the plant: recover from moisture loss, intensify flower color and prolong flower life. Excessively low or high temperatures may cause: plant stress, inhibit growth, or promote a spindly appearance and foliage damage or drop. Cool nighttime temperatures are actually more desirable for plant growth than high temperatures. A good rule of thumb is to keep nighttime temperatures to 8 degree Celsius lower than daytime temperatures.

 

 

TOPRAK ISISI

Generally, most seeds like a soil temperature of 23 degrees C. 

-For herbs and flowers, generally speaking 22 degrees C is usually ideal.

TOPRAK NEMİ – Soil Moisture

The soil should always be moist but not soaking wet.

Ensure any pots or seedling trays are free draining or if in saucers, the water should only be very shallow.

HAVA AKIMI

Prevent disease by providing air flow and drainage

Read more: http://www.finegardening.com/10-seed-starting-tips#ixzz42dYKhxUi
Follow us: @finegardening on Twitter | FineGardeningMagazine on Facebook

NEM – Humidity – Moisture Level

http://www.finegardening.com/10-seed-starting-tips

http://urun.gittigidiyor.com/ev-bahce/buhar-soguk-sis-nem-yapici-makinesi-makinasi-211772201

By keeping the humidity high, the cuttings evaporate less water, and thus need less roots. You can also cut the large leaves halfway from the cutting so that they evaporate less. A humidity of 70% is perfect when you put the cuttings in your grow room.

Cuttings develop roots in a clone box with a temperature of about 71,5°F (22°C), a high humidity and fluorescent lighting. If you put the cuttings under a 600 watt HPS lamp in a room with a humidity of 30% it’ll get a great blow. During the growth period of the root system it’s therefore important to keep the humidity high. The roots grow as long as the plant itself, about until the 2nd or 3rd week in the blooming stage. A strong root system is very important for the absorption of water and nutrients.

90-98% humidity is an invitation for bud rot and mould to develop,

Houseplants do best at a relative humidity of 70 to 80 percent, a level that is often difficult to maintain in the home.  Any increase in humidity will help plants, however, especially if the dwelling is heated by a wood or coal stove or fireplace.

Most houseplants thrive with humidity levels around 60%. Native desert plants prefer a much lower relative humidity (30-35%), while tropical plants favor more moisture (up to 90%).

Indoor plants need humidity levels between 40 and 60 percent, and suffer from stress when the humidity for houseplants is outside that range. If you don’t have a hygrometer to measure the humidity inside your home, watch your houseplants for signs of stress.

http://www.sahibinden.com/ilan/yedek-parca-aksesuar-donanim-tuning-aksesuar-tuning-otomobil-arazi-araci-dunyanin-ilk-araba-nemlendirici-aramaterapi-272567269/detay

https://www.sonteklif.com/oto-ici-hava-temizleme-nemlendirme-4260846?gclid=CjwKEAiA9om3BRDpzvihsdGnhTwSJAAkSewLeR0Wv1NlT-olMksWHSFZ9-8gFVdSVvMfbVKR-qIzBBoCZCfw_wcB

http://tr.aliexpress.com/item/Mini-Cool-Mist-USB-Aroma-Diffuser-Car-Humidifier-Coffee-Cup-Ultrasonic-Humidifier-for-Home-Office-Car/32529008130.html?spm=2114.49010208.4.2.qrYoAu

Light

Seed Germination Using LEDs

The lights are generally operated for 14 to 16 hours a day. Generally speaking, 150 to 200 micromoles of deep red and blue (or white) light from LEDs is adequate for seedling production based on an average photoperiod of 16 hours. This seed germination cart design would require three or four 4-feet Production Modules. At 35 watts per module and using an average of $0.10 per kilowatt-hour, one 4- by 2-feet cart shelf would cost $0.17 per day to light. The price range for the Production Module depending on the length installed is approximately $150 to $200 per module. The useful life expectancy for a Production Module is approximately 25,000 hours at 90% light intensity and 50,000 hours at 70%.

http://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/gardening-techniques/starting-seeds-indoors-zm0z12djzsor.aspx

Increasing the time (duration) plants are exposed to light can be used to compensate for low light intensity, as long as the plant’s flowering cycle is not sensitive to day length. Increased light duration allows the plant to make sufficient food to survive and grow. However, plants require some period of darkness to properly develop and should be exposed to light for no more than 16 hours per day. Excessive light is as harmful as too little.. When a plant gets too much direct light, the leaves become pale, sometimes burn, turn brown and die. Therefore, protect plants from too much direct sunlight during summer months.

 

Growing Medium:

Powell offers the following “recipes” for different growing mediums: One-half vermiculite or perlite and one-half sphagnum peat. Powell notes: “Frequent feeding will be required by seedlings that are grown in this medium.” Or, try equal quantities of good garden soil, clean, coarse builders’ sand and peat moss. Powell recommends sterilizing the soil by baking it in a shallow pan at 275°F for at least 30 minutes. She warns that the smell of cooking soil is “bad.” If you purchase soil, you won’t need to go through this last step.

Commercially packaged growing media (e.g., Pro-Mix, Sunshine Mix, Metro Mix, Choice Mix, Ball Growing Mix, Jiffy Mix, Redi Earth, etc.) consist of a mixture of two or more of the following materials: sphagnum moss peat, bark, perlite, vermiculite, coarse sand, processed bark, or expanded shale.

Viyol

Torf – Perlit

Hümik asit, leonardit, solucan gübresi, F1 tohum

Containers

It should be 2-3 inches deep and sterile and it should have holes in the bottom for drainage as well as for water uptake.

http://www.saksisan.com/tr/product/all

Process:

SOAKING:

If you prefer to soak your seeds, follow these simple guidelines: soak in 29.5°F water for 1-3 hours and plant immediately. Longer soaking times are often detrimental; seeds need air to live.

As soon as your seedlings develop true leaves (usually the second set of leaves), it’s time to give them more room.

Growing from Seed

 

Sowing Seed.

The germination medium should be damp before it is placed in the container. Fill the container to within about 1/2 inch of the rim. Seed should be scattered uniformly across the surface or sown in rows at the rate of 10-20 seeds per square inch. You may choose to give each seed more space, depending on seed size and length of time small transplants will be left in the container. Seeds sown too thickly will result in excessive competition among plants and spindly growth.
Small seeds, such as petunia and snapdragon, should be left uncovered. Cover larger seeds with a thin layer of germination medium. Finely pulverized sphagnum moss has fungicidal properties and would be ideal for covering seed if it is available. Most seeds will germinate in either darkness or light. The light system described later will be satisfactory for those seeds that require light for germination. Laying a newspaper on top of the container will provide darkness required by other seed. Special needs regarding light and dark treatments should be stated on the seed packet

 

Watering

For very fine seeds like spearmint or thyme, use of a misting gun is highly recommended.

Diğer Şeyler:

Reverse Engineer a Cheap Wireless Soil Moisture Sensor

https://www.carriots.com/

http://www.gittigidiyor.com/arama/?satici=toprakvesu_

http://www.magicplant.net/297-damla-sulama-sistemleri

http://toprakvesu.com/hakkimizda

http://www.zengardentr.com/

http://www.e-fidancim.com/

http://www.madrasol.com/default.aspx

WAOvzr6

 

 

 

CUTTINGS

Materials commonly used as propagating medium are coarse sand, regular potting mix, coconut coir, or blends such as a mixture of one part peat and one part Perlite (by volume), or one part peat and one part sand (by volume).

Providing the right soil – chalk – humus – sand – humidity – 

Propagating Herbaceous Plants from Cuttings

 

Depending on the type of soil being used, several additives may need adding to create good soil for cuttings. These additions may include:

  • chalk; to increase the pH-value of the soil; a pH of 6-6.5 is to be maintained
  • organic substance/humus; to increase nutrient load; keep to a bare minimum though
  • sand or gravel; to increase the soil’s water permeability

For example, with plain potting soil, a third of the container should be filled with sand, to make suitable soil for cuttings.

Providing the right humidity

A white plastic greenhouse, used to keep the cuttings humid

Although several options can be used here, usually semi-white plastic is used to cover the cuttings. The soil below and from the cuttings themselves is kept moist, and should be aerated once in a while to prevent formation of molds. A plastic bottle can be used as a small greenhouse to provide the right humidity level.

 

 

http://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/gardening-techniques/homemade-fertilizer-tea-recipes-zm0z11zkon.aspx

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